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Yalta Conference Agreements And Disagreements

The initiative to convene a second “Big Three” conference came from Roosevelt, who had hoped for a meeting before the US presidential elections in November 1944, but later pushed for a meeting in early 1945 at a neutral location in the Mediterranean. Malta, Cyprus and Athens have been proposed. Stalin, who insisted that his doctors oppose long journeys, rejected these options. [7] Instead, he suggested meeting instead in the Black Sea city of Yalta in Crimea. Fear of Stalin`s plane also contributed to this decision. [8] Yet Stalin formally referred to Roosevelt as the “host” of the conference; All plenary sessions should take place in the American accommodation of the Livadia Palace, and Roosevelt, without exception, sits in the center of the group photos (all taken by Roosevelt`s official photographer). Roosevelt, Churchill and Stalin met from February 4 to 11 in the crimean city of Yalta with their own conference agendas. For Stalin, the main objectives were post-war economic assistance to Russia and recognition by the United States and Great Britain of a Soviet sphere of influence in Eastern Europe. Churchill had the protection of the British Empire in the foreground, but he also wanted to clarify the status of post-war Germany. Roosevelt`s objectives were consensual on the creation of the United Nations and the obtaining of the Soviet agreement to go to war with Japan after Hitler`s defeat. None of them left Yalta fully satisfied.

There has been no definitive determination of financial aid to Russia. Many questions concerning Germany have been postponed for further discussions. As for the United Nations, Stalin wanted to represent the 16 Soviet republics in the General Assembly, but settled for three (the Soviet Union as a whole, Belarus and Ukraine). The Soviets, however, agreed to join the war against Japan, 90 days after Hitler`s defeat in Germany. The Potsdam conference took place after the Yalta conference. The Potsdam took place in August 1945. Each of the three heads of state and government had their own agenda for post-war Germany and liberated Europe. Roosevelt wanted Soviet support in the American Pacific War against Japan, particularly for the planned invasion of Japan (Operation August Storm) and Soviet participation in the United Nations; Churchill insisted on free elections and democratic governments in Central and Eastern Europe (particularly Poland); Stalin called for a Soviet sphere of political influence in Central and Eastern Europe as an essential aspect of the USSR`s national security strategy.


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