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Chefoo Agreement

In addition, if the aforementioned amendment is denounced, the “Chiefoo” agreement will nevertheless remain in force, with the exception of Section III, paragraph 3, and the amendments to Section 1 of that amendment. (6) It was agreed that this amendment is considered part of The Chiefoo`s agreement and that it has the same strength and validity as if it had been inserted literally. Minister, I have the honour of sending you this note to say in the minutes that the following agreement has been reached between the British and Chinese governments on the additional article of the Chiefoo Opium Agreement with regard to the implementation of your government`s proposal. which was signed that day. (2) Instead of the opium compliance agreement proposed in Section III of Section III of the Chiefoo Agreement, it was agreed that foreign opium would be linked to importation into China by Imperial Maritime Customs and deposited in a loan, either in warehouses or in shell casings authorized by customs, and that it would only be removed from it when the tariff was 30 taels per 100 cats. , and even a sum no more than 80 taels per chest than Lekin. My lords, I would like to ask the noble Viscount, the Secretary of State for India, whether any measures or measures have been taken under the Chiefoo Convention of September 1876 to implement the clauses relating to the importation of opium, the exploration mission in Tibet and hence to India and the appointment of a commission to settle the differences between the Hong Kong colony and the city of Hong Kong? There are many issues of great importance contained in the Chefoo convention; But I would just like to draw your attention to the points mentioned in my question. The Convention was agreed two years ago. The first point I would like to make is about the clauses governing the importation of opium into China. These clauses, I can explain, provide that opium should be borrowed and that, if contracted for sale, it should be subject to a specific tax called li-kin; conditions of which should be agreed.

The tax was originally a war tax, which was levied as a result of the taeping rebellion; but, like our own income tax in England, has since been maintained as an ordinary source of income. Before reaching a final agreement, Sir Thomas Wade, our minister in China, who had come to that country, was sent to India, which mainly concerned the issue to discuss with the Indian authorities the exact terms of the agreement. Sir Thomas Wade, I know, has now returned to China, and he is probably not only in possession of the views of the Indian authorities, but also in having begun to communicate with the Chinese government. I will be happy to hear from the noble Viscount, the Secretary of State for India, what the situation is. With respect to the second point of my question, which deals with a separate section of the Convention, you will no doubt recall Mr Margary`s case. It was desirable to open a trade route through Burma h to China, and an expedition – under Colonel Browne, I think – that was sent by India through Burma for this purpose, managed to carry its mission up to the borders of China. She was received there by Mr. Margary, an interpreter for the mission in Shanghai. Mr.

Margary was murdered at the border and the expedition was destroyed. But negotiations were subsequently initiated, and this agreement took powers to open a trade route not through Burma to China, but through China to Tibet, a company that is interesting not only from a commercial point of view, but also scientific and geographical.


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